Once upon a time there was a famous saying in Bihar, as long as there will be potatoes in samosas, till then Lalu will remain in Bihar. However, this saying proved to be wrong after a time. I remember a dialogue from Sunny Deol’s Gadar – Hindustan Zindabad Tha, Hindustan Hai and Hindustan Zindabad Rahega. But if a similar line is made for Russian President Vladimir Putin, then “There was Putin, there is Putin, there will be Putin” then it would be very nice. The story of the Soviet-American feud is decades old and well-known. But if we look at the heads of state of both the countries, then five Presidents of America changed in front of Putin. They saw Bill Clinton, then George Bush’s two terms, and Barack Obama, after seeing two terms, Trump would also stop and see Joe Biden taking power. If we look at the context of India, then only one common thing will be seen that when Putin came, there was a BJP government in the country even at that time and in the present era also there is a BJP government. Meaning Putin took over the power of Russia during the Vajpayee regime of 1999 and after that UPA-1 and after UPA-2, Modi remains in his position even in the era of Government 1 and 2.0. You must be saying that while talking about Putin, from Lalu to Obama-Trump via Vajpayee-Modi. Actually, the simple meaning of telling all this is that the world has changed so much, but Putin is standing on the throne of Russia like Angad. Parliamentary elections are to be held in Russia from 17 to 9 September. By the way, after President Putin came to power, elections in Russia have remained negligible, as they have no effect on the country’s political equations. Earlier the term of the President in Russia was four years. This was extended to six years by a constitutional amendment in 2012. That is, he will remain the President till 2024. Then maybe he will become prime minister again. Such Putin has already done this in 2008 so that he can be president again. Because in Russia there can be no president after two terms. In such a situation, when everything is so decided, then why should people try to vote? But in today’s analysis, we will tell you how elections are held in Russia, what is the political system of Russia and also tell you the story of a KGB agent reaching the President’s chair.
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Putin was a KGB agent for 15 years
The son of a laborer goes to the office one day and asks what do I have to do to be like you? The officers present there, seeing the child, said that go to college and study or join the army. After getting a degree in law, the boy started working in a security agency. There he came in the eyes of intelligence officers and then he also became an officer of KGB. Later he became the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. The story of Russia reaching the pinnacle of power is a complete film, in which the hero is also Putin himself and also the villain. Putin was born on 7 October in 1952 in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg). Putin’s father was part of the Soviet Navy and mother was a factory worker. His life was spent in poverty and deprivation. Putin was rebellious. Children used to take flowers for their teachers. But Putin used to present plants to his teachers. His father should have taught him boxing but he learned judo. Putin himself says that martial arts changed his life. When Putin was still in school, he was elected the school leader of the Communist Party. His dream was to become a Soviet secret agent. His dream was not fulfilled, but in the year 1975 he joined the Russian intelligence agency KGB. Where he was considered a common spy. Putin worked for 15 years as a spy abroad for the Russian intelligence agency KGB. During the 1989 revolution, Putin was posted in Dresden as an agent of the Russian intelligence agency KGB. This place was in that part of Germany which was then known as Communist East Germany. In 1990, he retired from the KGB with the rank of lieutenant colonel and returned to Russia. The Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991. There were many allegations against the then President Mikhail Gorbachev. There was disappointment in Russia and sensing this, Putin turned from a Secret Service agent to a politician Putin. In 1997, Putin joined the government of the first Russian President, Boris Yeltsin. He was made the head (prime minister) of the Federal Security Service. Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and made Putin acting president. He contested elections for the first time in the year 2000 and won by getting 53 percent votes. In 2004, Putin again contested the election and became president with 71.2 percent of the vote. In 2012, Putin won once again by getting 63.3 percent of the vote. In 2018 also Putin won. Meanwhile, Putin was not president for just four years. In these four years, when Putin was not the President, he was the Prime Minister. between 2008 and 2012. The Constitution of Russia allows the President to serve only two consecutive terms. To break this rule, Putin became PM after his first two terms and made his trusted Dmitry Medvedev President.
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There were allegations of conspiracy to kill Alexei Navalny by poisoning
The rise of lawyer Alexei Navalny in Russia’s politics is visible since 2008. When he starts speaking publicly against the corruption of the Russian government. He gets an image as a nationalist leader. Raise the issue of corruption in government contracts. Raising all these issues through blogging and YouTube, they become popular in Russia. It so happened that in the year 2012, the American newspaper Wall Street Journal published a story introducing Alexey in the title of its news The Man vladimir Putin fears most, that is, the man whom Vladimir Putin fears the most. In 2013, he announced that he would run for mayor in Moscow. He fought but lost to Putin’s candidate. Alexey accused the election of rigging. After that many cases were filed against him. Alexey was sentenced to five years in one, and three and a half years in the other. After a few years in prison, Alexei was placed under house arrest. When he came out in 2016, then continued the performance. In 2017 he was jailed three times for protesting against Putin. He was attacked in the year 2017 itself and due to this attack Alexey’s right eye was affected by chemical burn. At the time of the Russian presidential election in 2018, there were speculations about Alexei giving a strong challenge to Putin. Then the election commission disqualified Alexei. But in July 2019, he was jailed for 30 days for calling for protests in Russia. His health deteriorated in prison and there were allegations that an attempt was made to poison Alexei.
Such is the political system of Russia
Try to understand the political system of Russia from the context of India, as there are two parliamentary systems in India- Rajya Sabha which is called upper house and second Lok Sabha which is called lower house. Similarly, the Federal Assembly of Russia has two parts. Council of Federation means upper house and State Duma means lower house. In Russia, the President is considered almighty both in terms of name and work. After which the number comes that of the Prime Minister and the third number in the hierarchy is that of the President of the Federal Council. It can be understood in such a way that if something happens to the President and Prime Minister of Russia at the same time, then the Chairman of the Federal Council will come into the role of acting President.
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Russia’s parliamentary system
The Federal Council is considered the most powerful and all laws take shape from here. Even if a decision has to be taken on imposing military rule in the country, it also needs approval from this. Apart from this, the decision to fight a war outside the country and impeach the President, the appointment of judges of the higher courts of Russia are all decided by this. Now you must be saying that if all the work is done from this then what does the lower house do. So also know this, the name of the second part of the parliamentary system i.e. the Stay Duma is to approve the appointment of the Prime Minister. Apart from this, the decision to appoint or remove the chairman of the country’s largest bank “Central Bank” is also taken from this. The bills that are required to be sent to the Federal Council for passage first come to the State Duma. Only after being passed by the State Duma is it sent to the upper house for approval. After the bill is passed in the State Duma, any changes can be made in it by the Federal Council. He has the right to approve or reject it.
what is voting system
In India, the voting pattern for the Lok Sabha elections is simple. Come out of the house and go to your nearest polling booth to vote for Modi ji, Rahul ji or any other party leader of your choice by pressing EVMs. But in Russia the case is a little different. Here the first round of voting takes place. If one of the many candidates does not get a clear majority, then the second round of voting takes place. Well, this kind of situation rarely comes. It was needed only once during the last six presidential elections, in 1996, when Gennady Zyuganov was up against Boris Yeltsin. Boris Yeltsin won the second round of voting.
However, some people also call Putin the Tsar of Russia. In Russian culture, a tsar refers to a leader or king who eliminates his opponents. But the public gives his full support to him. There are also rumors about Putin that he has been alive for 150 years and is protecting Russia. Apart from all these things, Putin does military jet flying, martial arts, horse riding, rafting, fishing, walking barefoot in Siberia, killing bears, motorbikes, firefighting, whale catching and his photo keeps on appearing in the media too. – acting sky