According to Kommersant, at the end of 2021, the Moscow Department of Information Technologies (DIT) purchased licenses for Microsoft Office 365 and the Microsoft Azure cloud platform for almost 26 million rubles for 24 educational institutions in the city. As part of this tender, Russian software developers were not invited to participate, since there are no necessary analogues of the necessary programs in the register of domestic software.
Softline became the winner of the DIT tender. It is to supply Microsoft programs and licenses for the Moscow State Pedagogical University, as well as 23 city schools and children’s learning centers.
In the documentation for the tender in a separate file there is a justification for the impossibility of using domestic software. It states that Russian developers do not have programs of the appropriate class that meet the needs of the customer. Market experts believe that this document is drawn up formally and with violations, since there are no explanations and requirements for software.
Russian software developers believe that DIT’s actions violate current government guidelines on import substitution. Industry experts explained to the publication that there are domestic counterparts to foreign services of proper quality on the market, for example, the My Office package and the Yandex.Cloud cloud service.
The head of the Competence Center for Import Substitution in the Field of Information and Communication Technologies (CKICT) told the publication that he would appeal the purchase of DIT Moscow to the Ministry of Digital Development and the Federal Antimonopoly Service, as it violates government regulations and the rules for implementing state policy on import substitution, for example, that from September 2021 year, schools should use mainly Russian software.
In November last year, Rosobrnadzor announced that it would stop using Windows when conducting the Unified State Examination at all examination points in the country until the end of 2024. By this time, all platforms for passing the exam will be migrated to domestic operating systems, for example, as in government agencies, Astra Linux.
At the beginning of March last year, the Ministry of Digital Development and the Ministry of Education proposed to legally ban the use of foreign software in schools. This innovation should help specialists of the Ministry of Education to structure the existing programs used in schools, stimulate Russian developers and shift the main burden of providing licenses and software solutions for educational institutions, as well as their operational support, to them.
At the end of 2020, Microsoft refused to sell software and renew the licenses of Moscow State Technical University. N. E. Bauman because of the sanctions that the US government has imposed against Russia.